79-7500 Mamalahoa HwyKealakekuaHawai'i 808-324-6600Website
Evonuk Farms
1781 Omaopio RoadKulaMauiWebsite
Hamakua Springs Country Farms
421 Lama StreetHiloHawai'i(808) 981-0805Website
Homestead Poi
Wai'aholeOahu(808) 852-8964Website
Honopua Farm
HSN Farm
Khamphout Farm
P. O. Box 970510WaipahuOahu(808)342-6965Website
Kupa‘a Organic Farms
P.O. Box 569KulaMaui(808) 876-0678Website
Leilehua High School Agricultural Program Farm
1515 California AvenueWahiawaOahuWebsite
Mari's Garden
94-415 Makapipipi St.MililaniOahu(808) 625-2800Website
MA‘O Organic Farms
86-210 Puhawai Rd.Wai‘anaeOahu(808) 696-5569Website
Milner Farm
Hale'iwa Oahu
Mohala Farms
Kaukaonahua & Farrington HighwayWailuaOahu(808) 478-8469Website
Moloa‘a Organica‘a
Ko‘olao RoadAnaholaKauaʻiWebsite
Nalo Farms
41-574 Makakalo StreetWaimanaloOahu(808) 259-7698Website
Otsuji Farm
459 Pakala StreetHonoluluOahu(808) 368-1135 Website
Pit Farms
Simok Farm
Theng's Farm
Vilath Farm
Wally's Farm
495 Pakala StreetHonoluluOahu808-395-1223 Website


Waimea Mid-week Farmer's Market
Pukalani StreetKamuelaHawai'i(808) 775-9549
Kailua Farmers' Market
609 Kailua Road(Parking lot near Long's and Pier 1)KailuaOahu(808) 848-2074Website
KCC Saturday Farmers Market
4303 Diamond Head RdHonoluluOahu(808) 848-2074Website
Mililani Farmers' Market
Mililani High School95-1200 Meheula ParkwayMililaniOahu(808) 848-2074Website
Upcountry Farmers Market
Kulamalu Town Center55 Kiopaa StreetPukalani/KulaMauiWebsite
Wahiawa Farmers' Market
Wahiawa Hongwanji Mission parking lot1067 California AvenueWahiawaOahuWebsite
Honolulu Farmers' Market
Neil Blaisdell Center777 Ward AvenueHonoluluOahu(808) 848-2074Website
KCC @ Night Farmers' Market
Kapiolani Community College4303 Diamond Head RoadHonoluluOahu(808) 848-2074Website
Ala Moana Farmers' Market
1450 Ala Moana BoulevardHonoluluOahu(808) 388-9696Website
Hale'iwa Farmers' Market
Waimea Valley59-864 Kamehameha HighwayHale'iwa Oahu(808) 388-9696Website
Waianae Farmers Market
Waianae High School85-251 Farrington HighwayWaianaeOahu(808) 697-3599Website
Hanalei Farmers Market
5-5299 Kuhio HwyHanaleiKauaʻiWebsite
Kailua Town Farmers' Market
315 Kuulei RoadKailuaOahu808-388-9696Website
Hawaii Kai Farmers' Market
Kaiser High School511 Lunalilo Home RoadHawaii KaiOahu(808) 388-9696Website


There are hundreds of different kinds of lettuces growing wild and being cultivated all over the world.   Of the ones being cultivated for food, there are seven official groups (Leaf, Cos/Romaine, Crisphead, Butterhead, Summercrisp, Stem, and Oilseed. What we see in the markets mainly fall within the first three types:

Leaf – This type of lettuce is the most widely planted and the one most of us use for our garden salads and in our sandwiches.  Most of the varieties that fall within this type grows in loose leaf bunches and are pretty high in chlorophyll (green!).   Higher in green the higher the nutritional content – lettuces are a source of vitamin A and potassium.

Cos/Romaine – Long stem and long leafed variety that is most popular as the main ingredient in Ceasar Salad.  The name Romaine alludes to its Italian (and so then Roman) origins.

Crisphead – This is the one known as “iceberg” lettuce.  It was adapted for intensive growing in the northern U.S. mainly because it is ships well.  However, it contains almost no nutritional value at all.

Because of its soporific effect (can make you kind of sleepy) Romans and Greeks ate lettuce after makes to aid sleep. They would also eat lettuce before meals to stimulate appetite.  Perhaps these two traditions have survived in diner ritual of salad starter in U.S. and feast’s end salad in France?

Prepping & Eating Tips

– Always wash and dry your lettuce very well before eating.

– Drying is important. In a salad spinner, air drying, or patting with clean towel or paper towel. Dressing will not mingle well with wet anything.

– Never cut lettuce with a knife as it will turn it brown almost immediately.  Always tear with fingers into desirable sized pieces.

– Lettuce is the base of so many salads, specific varieties sometimes for specific salads.

– Leaves are also used as sauce containing wraps or “cups” in a dish.

– Tender, green leaf lettuce, especially locally-grown Manoa is delectable sauteed lightly, adding surprisingly subtle nuance to a meal.

Selecting and Storing Tips

Look for lettuce free of wilt and damage.

Store lettuce in refrigerator, unwashed in sealed plastic bag up to a three days. Some hydroponic or aquaponic lettuce farmers sell heads with root balls still on, tightly secured at bottom of bag with rubber band. Lettuce with root balls kept moist and held upright so as not to damage leaves can keep fresh in the refrigerator for sometimes more than a week.

 Morsel of History

Since we’re in Hawaii, we couldn’t help but look into the history of the locally famous “Manoa Lettuce.”  Turn out it is a selection of Green Mignonette that’s been cultivated over the years by horticulturalists at UH Manoa’s College of Tropical Agriculture.  The seed variety is officially known as “UH Manoa” and is available for farmers and gardeners.  During the 1940’s and 1950’s it was heavily grown by farms in Manoa valley – becoming the lettuce of choice for Hawaii’s tables because of its freshness and tenderness.  Yes, we could pretty much grow our own supply of lettuce at that time!


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